Lifelong effects of psychological trauma and their therapy

psychological trauma

Mental or emotional trauma is psychological damage or injury after experiencing an extremely frightening or distressing event and can result in impaired normal functioning or coping after the event.


Mental health problems in trauma: anxiety and panic attacks, fear, anger, irritability, obsessions and compulsions, shock and disbelief, emotional numbness and detachment, depression, Shame, and guilt (especially when the person processing the trauma survived and others did not).


There are three main types of trauma:


Acute trauma: Acute trauma results from a single incident.


Chronic trauma: Chronic trauma is repeated and prolonged, such as domestic violence or abuse.


Complex trauma: Complex trauma is exposure to multiple and multiple traumatic events, often of an invasive interpersonal nature.


Perhaps, emotional abuse is one of the most common forms of psychological trauma. This can be a common form of trauma, as emotional abuse can take many different forms. Sometimes it’s easy to hide or not recognize emotional abuse.


People react with Shock to trauma and react with Difficulty believing what happened, feeling disconnected, and confused. Feeling numb and disconnected, not wanting to connect with others, or withdrawing from those around you. Continuous alert, feeling that the danger is still there or that the event is ongoing.


Experiencing abuse or other trauma puts people at risk of developing mental illnesses, such as:


  • Anxiety disorders.
  • Depression.
  • Post-traumatic stress.
  • Alcohol or drug abuse.
  • Uncertain Personality Disorder.


Trauma therapy enables the processing of memories related to the trauma and allows for growth toward more adaptive psychology. It helps develop positive coping rather than negative coping and allows the individual to integrate and internally release stressful and disturbing material (thoughts, feelings, and memories). It also helps in the growth of personal skills like resilience, ego regulation, empathy, etc.




Processes of Trauma therapy are:


Psychoeducation: Dissemination of information and vulnerability education and adaptive coping mechanisms.


Emotion regulation: identity, counteract discriminatory and fundamental thoughts and emotions from internal construction to external representation.


Cognitive processing: Transforming negative perceptions and beliefs about self, others, and the environment into positive ones through cognitive reappraisal or reframing.


Trauma processing: systematic desensitization, response activation and titrated extinction with emotional response conditioning, disparity deconstruction (emotional state versus the state of reality), and resolution of traumatic material (theoretically to a state where triggers no longer create harmful stress and the individual can express relief).


Emotional Processing: Reconstructing faulty perceptions, beliefs, and expectations, accustoming to new life contexts for trauma-related self-activated fears, and providing crisis maps with encoded emotions and appropriate cognition. (This phase does not begin until the phase before the completion of the clinical evaluation and assessment by the psychologist).


Experience processing: Visualization of the achieved state of relief and relaxation methods.


Helping others is a great way to improve your regain sense of power. Knowing that you make other people’s lives easier in some way will make you feel fulfilled, reduce feelings of helplessness, and remind you of your strengths. Don’t let your past stop you from living the life you want or from achieving your goals. Let your friends, family, or behavioral health professionals help you recover.


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